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PGA Championship Course Overview

Tiger Woods, Phil Mickelson, Adam Scott and Justin Rose will all be on hand for the PGA Championships beginning Thursday - the final Major of the 2013 season.

But some would argue that the real star of the weekend will be the East Course itself at Oak Hill Country Club in Rochester, New York. The par-70, 7,163-yard behemoth is a staggering blend of long and shot, straight and curved, beautiful and nightmarish.

The club itself has quite a bit of history dating back to the 1920s when the land that the original Oak Hill was on was pursued by city leaders to be used for the University of Rochester.

With Kodak founder George Eastman leading the charge, the land was bought for $10 million - about $130 million adjusted for inflation to 2013 - and the golf course was moved to another location in a land swap, with the opening filmed - again courtesy Eastman - in a rare movie from 1927.

Fourteen years later, Oak Hill became famous when the local newspaper - the Times Union - offered $5,000 as top prize for the winner of a tournament held there. Ben Hogan, Sam Snead and Marty Hagen all answered the call, with Snead taking the title and the prize.

This is the third time the PGA Championships have been held at Oak Hill. Its first time as host saw one of the most memorable finishes ever - with Jack Nickalus, then 40 years old, winning his 17th Major in dominant fashion, finishing with a 6-under 274 with his closest competitor seven strokes behind at 1-over.
 
To give an indication of just how tricky Oak Hill's East Course can be, consider the distances (in yards) of its first six holes: 401, 214, 570, 428, 175, 461. Getting comfortable at Oak Hill is almost impossible until the stretch between holes 7 and 10 which are all par-4s with distances between 429-461 yards Getting comfortable there is a bad idea, however, as No. 13 (598 yards) is as long as Nos. 11 (226) and 12(372) combined.

And for those golfers who suffer from a lack of endurance and tend to fall off at the end of rounds, more bad news - No. 17 is 509 yards, No. 18 is 497.

Here's a closer look at some of Oak Hill's more interesting and trickier holes.
 
No. 3 - 214 yards, par-3: The most difficult of the course's four par-3s, it has a huge narrow green that slopes downward and two enormous trees in the fairway that gobble up all sorts of heroic attempts.
 
No. 6 - 175 yards, par-3. When a hole is this short at a major, you know that's trouble, and it's definitely the case here with the green on a rise flanked on two sides by a stream and a third by a sand trap If the grass is short and running fast, a lot of players will find themselves rolling uncontrollably into the drink.
 
No. 7 - 461 yards, par-4. Hailed as "one of the greatest par-4 holes in golf" by club pro Craig Harmon, the stream cuts across the landing area, daring the riverboat gamblers in the field to take the risk and try to power past it. That landing area is only about 50 feet wide, and the green even narrower.
 
No. 13 - 598 yards, par-5. Bring your big boy clubs for this one, the green has never been reached in two shots. The biggest detriment is the creek cutting across the fairway right at the 300-yard mark, meaning even the greatest of drives might wind up all wet. Known as the Hill of Fame given that it ends near the clubhouse, allowing huge amounts of spectators to crowd around the green for a better look.
 
No. 18 - 497 yards, par-4. Bunkers on one side, trees on the other, so anything other than a perfect drive means trouble is on your plate right from the get go.The green is right at the edge of a steep hill, so anything short isn't going to have the necessary energy to make that climb. A decade ago, Shaun Micheel hit arguably the greatest non-cup shot in PGA Major history when his 7-iron landed within two inches of the cup to seal the victory for him.
 

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